A Guide To Road Trips In India in 2024 (Driving Conditions, Terrains etc)

Everything you need to know if you are planning road trips in India. What to do and what to expect on your road trip in India.

Written by: Soumya Nambiar

Last Updated on:

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“Roadtrips aren’t measured by mile markers, but by moments”

How many of you have driven in India? Or a better question would be how many of you have taken road trips in India or plan to take them in the future? As someone who has been driving for years ever since she turned 18, I guess it is fairly safe to say that I have somehow become a veteran in this. No, it is rude to ask how many years it has been since I turned 18. It is generally rude to ask any lady their age.

So I thought I would write a comprehensive guide on what to expect if you are planning a road trip in India. It is definitely not easy and I don’t know why I am encouraging you to take one. But I haven’t caused a major accident (yet) in the past so many years and so I am assuming that you will be fine too if you follow my instructions word by word. Remember the key phrase: “word by word”. Your life depends on it. Also, I have been on 5 different road trips in the past 2.5 months.

A Guide To Road Trips In India

If you do have any questions after reading this guide, then please do let me know in the comments and I will add them in subsequent versions. As you know there are both pros and cons of driving and this guide just aims to take a jibe at how we drive in India.

Please understand that the first rule of driving in India is that no one follows the rules here in India when it comes to driving (or anything else for that matter).

What side of the road do we drive on in India?

Let us get the basics right. I know it is confusing because sometimes it is really difficult to tell when you have cars coming at you from all directions. But we are supposed to be driving on the left side of the road with the driver’s seat being on the right side of the car. That means if you want to drive a car in India, open the right door and slide into the driver’s seat. Else you will end up being the navigator and the DJ.

Also, read – Driving in the USA

Mountainous range alongside the river in Spiti, India

As a foreigner, can I drive in India?

Seriously, why would you? I mean have you seen the way we Indians drive and you still want to drive? Well if you want to (no guarantees on whether you will not murder anyone or get killed in the process), then better get an International driving permit (IDP) from your home country if you are on a short visit to the country and you want to drive in India. Foreign licenses are not valid in India. If you are here for a while, then you need to apply for a license locally.

How to get a driving license in India?

In most states, it is quite easy to get a driving license. Turn 18 first. I know it may seem otherwise with the number of kids you see driving in India. But legally you are supposed to be 18 before you can appear for a driving test. First, you have to clear the written test and get the learner’s license. Most people start to drive on their own after getting a learner’s license. But if you really want to do things legally (I am obligated to say this to not land into any issues), then only drive in the presence of a registered permanent driving license holder. Try not killing anyone during the next 30 days in the presence of this person and voila you are ready to go for your DL test.

In states like Kerala, you are supposed to draw an H with your car without disturbing any of the poles. I tell you, we mallus love our art even when it comes to a driving test. If you are like me, you will ensure that you will at least hit one pole while attempting to draw an H on your first try. Poles are supposed to be disturbed. If you fail this, you can reappear after a month’s time.

But in most other states, you just have to show the guy sitting beside you that you know how to drive. My sister was asked to just reverse the car and that fellow gave her a license for the next 20 years. How unfair is that? Shouldn’t she also know the joy of failing a driving test at least once in her life? No wonder drivers in India are such maniac drivers.

A red Scorpio trying to navigate through some really bad roads with people looking on.

But do you guys in India ride camels on your road trips?

I know it will be cool to ride camels on our road trips but unfortunately (or fortunately), I have never ridden a camel on any of my road trips yet. Then why did you include it here, you may ask? I once spent half an hour arguing with an ignorant fellow European traveller who once visited Rajasthan and felt that most people in India commute on camels or elephants. I mean why do such people even travel if they believe in these cliches? But I totally agree that it would have been so cool. Just imagine us doing that. Even though we would never reach anywhere on time. Like we needed another reason to be late.

So how are the roads in India?

I have never lied to you till date. Now, why will I start doing that now? We love our potholes and it is very common to find them on the highways too. Most roads in India have been on a lifelong repair mission and you can find the signboards ‘Diversion Ahead: Road work in progress’ all over India. We also love our speed breakers and speed barricades. In South India, most of them have been put up by the villagers themselves. I guess it is because some of them feel like going on a leisurely stroll in the middle of the highway and they don’t want you to disturb them while they are in the middle of it.


But that being said, one of my favourite roads to drive in India is the highway between Bangalore and Trivandrum. It is a 4 lane highway all the way up to Nagercoil. The section between Nagercovil and Trivandrum is pretty bad because it won’t feel like you are driving in Kerala unless you are literally going through someone’s house. The drive to Ooty is also pretty good since you pass few wildlife sanctuaries.

Also, read – Places to Visit in Ooty, India

A red car navigating through a stream and bad roads

Traffic Rules and Regulations in India

Well like I said before, this is very vague. Even though most people don’t follow the traffic rules in India, there are some set of rules.

Is it compulsory to wear seatbelts in India?

Even in the major cities, it is only compulsory for the driver to wear a seatbelt. Even then, most people start searching for their seat belt only when they spot the cop in the distance. That is why in some of the cars, instead of a seatbelt you will find something else. I thought I will die of tetanus recently because there was not a single part of the car which had not succumbed to rust, including the seat belt.

So if you get into the backseat of a cab and don’t find a seatbelt there, don’t panic. It is pretty common here. You anyway don’t need a seatbelt. All you need is a lot of praying when you are in one of those cabs.

Is there a speed limit in India?

I find it a very funny question. In many of the highways, there is no way you can cross a certain speed. Why may you ask? Just try going above a certain speed on a road covered in potholes and you will know why I said that. If you have any consideration for the back of the person sitting in the rear seat and you will automatically know your speed limit.

On the other hand, 4 lane / 6 lane highways are the opposite and you can go up to 200kmph if you have a fast car. I drive a fast car myself but we tend to stick to 150-160kmph on such roads for safety reasons. The irony of that sentence. I have never seen a working speed interceptor on these highways till date.

A mountainous range with a river running through the middle and some dirt roads

Will I be fined if I drive on the wrong side of the lane on highways?

Technically it is illegal. But if cops had started fining such people, they would have already eradicated poverty from India. But unfortunately, that is yet to happen and you will always find people driving on the wrong side of the road. Remember. Don’t panic. Just take a deep breath and go back to your happy place by popping your favorite pill maybe (Again, you cannot say I encouraged you to do this. I will just vehemently deny it).

Can I pee on the road?

If you are a man, you are all the more welcome to do it. You see it is part of our culture and you should not leave India without peeing at least once in the open. As a woman, you are only allowed to pee in the Himalayas or other remote regions.

This is if you don’t want to die from a damaged bladder. There are no restrooms for miles and miles and even if they have, they are broken or ‘In repair’. So find a spot between the rocks and go relieve yourselves. Ah, the joy of peeing after 10-14 hours. It cannot be expressed in words.

Can I drink and drive in India?

There is a special hell for you if you think that it is perfectly fine to drink and drive in India.

The mighty Himalayas with a dirt road in between in Bataal, India

Finding food during your road trips in India

It is quite easy to find food in most places around India when you are on a road trip. In case you are going for a short trip, then you can even pack your lunches. But you can always find a roadside dhaba in the North or a Saravana Bhavana in the South of India. Even though the food will be extremely tasty, I cannot guarantee that you will not catch any form of Delhi belly.

Carry lots of snacks and water when you are on the road. You never know when you will have to go hungry.

Restrooms at these stops will have to be handled with care. Carry your own roll of tissue paper and try shooting your pee into the Indian toilet while standing up. Ah, the joy of peeing in public restrooms in India.

Driving on the highways in India

You will need to know a lot of curse words if you want to survive any road trip. You will be cruising at a high speed, overtaking all cars from the left and you will almost have a heart attack. The truck driver in front of you got bored and he decided to swerve to the left lane without any warnings whatsoever.

Apply your brakes at once keeping in mind if there is a vehicle behind you. Start honking at once, roll down your shutter, scream a few expletives at the idiot while you are driving and go speeding past him. In India, honks are used at the convenience of the driver and I suggest you use them a lot to avoid such idiots.

Technically all slow vehicles are supposed to stay on the left. But come on you are driving in India and you know that none of them will ever follow the rules. Everyone thinks they are Michel Schumacher and it is their right to stay in the fast lane.

Sometimes you will be stuck behind two heavy vehicles for a long time, each trying to prove that they are the faster of the lot. It is sometimes really funny to see a race between a turtle and a tortoise.

The general rule is that if you are driving on a 4 lane, then stick to the middle of the road, half on either side. This way you can avoid the vehicles going in the wrong direction from both sides and also avoid giving way to a faster car behind you.

Win-win, you see. You will also see too many animals on the roads here. Try killing a cow and you will see what will happen to you here in India.

Driving in the ghat sections are even more fun.

A Mountainous range in India

Driving as a Woman in India

I drive a lot on these road trips. I don’t mean to boast. Ok, I am boasting but I am a pretty good driver. I also drive a fast car which means that I end up overtaking at least 99% of the cars most of the time. But the minute they realize that a woman is driving the car, their fragile egos come into play and they decide that they will not give way. Also, if you are driving in the small villages or towns, you will be stared at like you are from an outer planet or something.

Smile at such idiots and just race them like how I told you how to do before.

Driving with Kids

To tell you the truth, it is the same condition as every other country in the world. You are basically screwed. Unless you have a taped answer for the question ‘Are we there yet?’. Keep them happy and hope they sleep for most of the journey from all the boredom. You can only wish. Or you should have kids like my parents. We were so well behaved on all those numerous road trips. I am sure my parents would say otherwise.

Music during road trips in India

How can you go on road trips without a kicker playlist? One of our recent finds is the ‘Gaana app‘. It is a great way to play songs while you are on a road trip and you should ensure that your navigator constantly plays great songs. They should have some job while you are driving. But a fair piece of warning here. It will only work if you have great internet connectivity. In all other places, you will probably only hear songs like ‘Des-buffering-pa-buffering-ci-buffering-to’.

Hiring Self Drive Cars in India

If you still want to drive cars in India after reading all this, then you have basically many options. The two popular ones are Zoomcar and Myles. In my experience, it is choosing between the lesser of two evils. But they are slowly getting popular in India and hopefully, it will get better with competition in the future.

Also, if you are planning to drive in India, then learn how to drive a manual shift. All automatic cars in India are more expensive and less readily available when you are hiring self-drive cars. Another thing to remember is that you need to pay road tax every time you enter a different state.

Roadside Assistance in India

I don’t know if any of the roadside toll numbers actually work. But you can find them in many places and you can definitely try if you ever need assistance. For your sake, I hope it works. If you don’t know how to change a tyre, do learn it. But don’t worry. You will definitely find many tyre puncture shops in the vicinity of where your tyre was punctured. After all, they are the ones who put the nails that punctured your tyre in the first place.

A mountainous range in Manali, India

Tolls in India

I wish they would automate this soon. But since the Fast tag is still in the process of completion in many parts around the country, we end up spending more time in the toll stations than on actual roads. I could write an entire blog post during one such stint at the toll station.

Accidents and Claiming Insurance in India

It is a worst case scenario but sometimes accidents do happen and it is inevitable to avoid them. Hope you guys remain safe. As someone who went through claiming insurance after a road accident in India last year, don’t succumb to the insurance guys. Find out what your rights are and fight till you get justice. It took 6 months for us but a car which they had declared as a total loss is still running after 9 months on the road. Touch wood.

Driving in the Himalayas

Till now, you must have got the impression that all Indian drivers are hopeless. But then you decide to drive in the Himalayas. Himalayas is known for many spiritual places in India and is a must visit. That is when you realize the camaraderie of the people. After all, all of you are on the same side. The other side being nature. Here, all of you are just trying to stay alive without falling into the canyon beside you. When you have practically no roads and death on the other side, you will have to strike a partnership with fellow travellers (and a lot of praying).

Note: All photos in this post are from our drive up in the mountains.

Sheep obstructing cars in the middle of nowhere in the Himalayas in India

Would I recommend a road trip in India?

Yes, I would still recommend in spite of what I have written till now. Yes, you may see a family or five on a scooter or a bus filled with 200 people or traffic jams caused by goats. But that is what makes India unique. With so many different landscapes to choose from, you will never get tired of road trips in India. And that is why you should definitely consider doing one when you are in India.

Road Trips in India | Driving in India | Road Trip Itinerary | Things to do on a road trip | The Ultimate Road Trip In India
Find my recommendations on guidebooks for India

Guidebooks for India

Traveling to India and need more guidance on which books to read? These are our recommendations for you to read before you go.

Recommended: Iceland Road Trip Wishlist


Looking to book your trip now? Find some of my favorite resources I use while booking my trip. You can also find my travel gear here.

Book Your Flight

I am a Skyscanner fan when it comes to booking international flights. I use Makemytrip and Yatra for domestic flights.

Book Accommodation

Booking  , Agoda and Hotels are my go to resources for booking hotel accommodation and I use Airbnb for booking my homestays. I also compare prices on Tripadvisor always. Another one I always use is Expedia.

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As an Indian, I prefer ICICILombard and I am always insured when I am traveling outside India. In addition, I have used World Nomads and SafetyWing for some of my trips.

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About Soumya Nambiar

Soumya Nambiar here. I am an avid traveler, travel blogger, vegetarian foodie and entrepreneur from Bangalore, India who grew up in Tanzania, Africa. I have been to more than 60 countries and in this blog, I write about my personal experiences as an Indian traveller around the world as well as my struggles as a vegetarian. I can be reached at [email protected].

29 thoughts on “A Guide To Road Trips In India in 2024 (Driving Conditions, Terrains etc)”

  1. Your write up was sprinkled with humor, making it a lovely read. Such articles are usually preachy and boring and directionless but you steered away from all these pitfalls, to stay focused. Great.

  2. Oh my God, the post is so exhaustive. I can’t believe you wrote such truths about Indian roads and road trips in general. But still I absolutely love taking up road trips here in India. Like in Rajasthan and Gujarat you have fabulous roads.

  3. I have been to India three times and each time I was a passenger in a car or on a motorbike and I have to say that you must be really brave to drive in that traffic, especially in big cities like Delhi! I would love to go on a road trip to the Himalayas but the condition of the roads scare me. However, I do know that a local driver would fly on them and wouldn’t think for a second that no asphalt on a dirt road is dangerous. I think I will stick with a driver though next time I will come to India, haha. 🙂

  4. I’ve never been to India, so this post has really opened my eyes! I like your direct responses, though I’m a little scared now to do a road trip! Potholes, maniac drivers and loose rules, I’d prefer to go with a local expert! Still the scenery looks stunning so there’s always a plus!

  5. I have never been to India so this is going to be quiet helpful for me when I would be planning to visit India 🙂 Excellent write up!

  6. I love road trips but I also have never been to India. American and Australian roads are similar and our road trips there have been enjoyable. Both Australia and India were British colonies so driving there is on the right side, left for the US. My husband has driven both sides but it is the condition of Indian roads that may spoil the fun!.

  7. hahaha, this was really funny and well written. how ridiculous that guy thought that you rode on camels and elephants. i sounds a tad bit chaotic for me, but glad you managed to compile a list to survive the roads for the first timers.

  8. I was laughing like hell throughout your post!! You wrote a post about agony of driving here but also with the fun part. I know its close to hellish while driving here, but I also love it and prefer to drive in Delhi. I am yet to make a debut on highways – raised eyebrow – I know 😉 – but planning to do so soon 😀 Loved your post!!

  9. We have done ample of road trips in India both north and south and yes we find both kind of roads some very well maintained and some in pitiable conditions. I agree the northernmost around Himachal and Jammu especially Ladakh region has some of the worst roads which are mostly due to the weather condition there but at the same time, the landscapes there definitely make the journey worthwhile.

  10. Lovely exhaustive guide Soumya. You’ve talked about everything we need to know. And so true about the pee bits in India, especially for women. Made me laugh though! Always observe the one inch rule 😉

  11. This post really made me laugh with all that dry wit! That said, I think I’d leave the driving to someone else if I ever went to India. I get nervous just reading the post lol! Beautiful pictures and landscapes though 🙂

  12. Ha Ha! I have attempted it in India just once. That too with a bunch of friends to Kinnaur. It is unpredictable especially if you pick the wrong time of the year. Such a useful article shared in a light hearted way…

  13. Ah ah, it made me laugh a lot as I have a surname for the crazy driving way in Asia – not specific to India – the “Horn drive”: the one with the biggest horn have priority.
    The only way I found to make my mind in peace before entering a car or bus is to think the driver is still alive…
    I even had a road trip with a normal car, yes I mean not a jeep or so, in Zanskar. That was quite crazy to cross some rivers with a normal small car 😀

    • Now would be a good time to explore India. Monsoons have ended and Winter is not too harsh in many places around India. But I love exploring India during monsoon months too. Due to the diversity of the terrain, India can be visited any time of the year. However, summer months can be tough for people visiting for the first time.

  14. I am completely agree with you, I am an amazing fan of your site, genuine guard post Keep making such stunning post,

    Thanks for sharing.

  15. Truly amazing road trip and one thing I would say that Journey is more beautiful than the destination so guide must be there before heading to unknown places. ..

    well, interpretation…


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